What is the Difference Between Flora and Fauna?

Different sorts of ecosystems make up nature. The range of plant and animal species that live in a given environment depends on their characteristics.

Biologists and environmentalists analyze the plants and animals of an area. 

Scientists concur that we are losing species faster than ever before and that the damage may be at a turning point, making our planet the subject of some of the most challenging issues in human history. Fauna and flora are important species.

The terms flora and fauna are used more broadly to refer to plant and animal species. The difference between flora and fauna is that flora describes plants while fauna describes animals.

Both terms are frequently used to describe a location’s diversified ecosystem. 

To understand what they represent, you must learn the differences between flora and fauna.

Definition of Flora

Definition Of Flora

The plant life in an ecosystem is known as flora. All other life in a region is built on flora. They produce their food from sunlight and supply the rest of the ecosystem with energy. 

Without flora, no animal would be able to live. This is so true that plants may survive in even the worst conditions.

Grasslands, woods, flowering, non-flowering plants, and trees are a few examples of flora.

Definition of Fauna

Definition Of Fauna

The phrase “fauna” describes all the animal life found in a given area throughout a certain amount of time, or in both cases.

Animals that are naturally present in that area are referred to as fauna.

The fauna includes, among other things, birds, animals, fish, and insects.

Relationship Between Fauna and Flora

Species of plants are referred to as flora, and species of animals are referred to as fauna. Both are in fact, a part of the biosphere.

The terms “flora” and “fauna,” which stand for plants and animals, respectively, are often used to describe the native plants and animals of a particular geographic area.

The word “flora,” which has Latin roots and refers to the goddess of flowers, Flora, can also refer to a collection of plants or bacteria. Flora is also the source of the adjective floral, which indicates having to do with flowers.

The term fauna is also a Latin word that means “God of the forest,” and also fauna classified as the kind of animals that lived in a particular area or time.

I feel that flora relates to plant life and fauna to animal life. Do you know what the circle of life is? To exist, everything needs food (energy). Thus, both flora and wildlife are crucial. Plants are essential to the survival of all herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, and humans alike. Plants also use animal waste and decomposing bodies to flourish.

Herbivores Carnivores Omnivores

If a man doesn’t ruin or significantly alter it, it’s a fantastic, perfect balance. In general, we and all other animals breathe oxygen, which is also “breathed” by plants in the form of carbon dioxide. Understand the requirement that how perfectly fauna and flora can connect and help each other.

Learn more: What is the Difference Between Vaporization and Evaporation?

Difference Between Flora and Fauna in Terms of Characteristics

Below are the characteristics and differences between flora and fauna

Characteristics of Flora

Fungi Algae
  1. “Flora” refers to the variety of plant species found in a certain environment or geographic area. It describes the native plants, fungi, algae, and other types of vegetation that grow naturally in a certain geographic area.
  2. All plant life is referred to as flora, which is more commonly used to refer to the flora of a specific location.
  3. The Latin word “flora” refers to a group of plants found in a certain ecosystem and active during a particular time period. It can be categorized according to region, period, climate, etc.
  4. Photosynthesis is how the flora produces its own food.

Characteristics of Fauna

Animal Kingdom
  1. The term “fauna” is classified as the animal kingdom found in a specific area. It relates to animals, birds, bacteria, and more that are native to a certain area.
  2. All animal life is referred to as fauna, most commonly referred to the local animal population.
  3. The word “fauna” has Greek roots. It relates to a population of creatures that reside in a specific environment, geographic area, or time frame.
  4. Fauna, like herbivores and omnivores, cannot produce their own food and are therefore dependent on plants. 

What Are the Differences Between Flora and Fauna?

What Are The Differences Between Flora And Fauna

Highlighting the main differences between flora and fauna in the following table:

The term “fauna” refers to all animal life that is present in a given area or time.The term “flora” refers to all found naturally native plants in a certain area.
Cryofauna, cryptofauna, infauna, epifauna, macrofauna, megafauna, meiofauna, and microfauna are the different categories of flora and fauna.Native flora, horticultural and agricultural flora, and weed flora are the different categories of flora.
All creatures are considered fauna.All plants are considered to be flora.
The term “zoology” refers to the study of fauna.Botany is the name given to the study of flora.
Heterotrophic animals, such as the fauna, rely on plants for both food and energy.Flora can produce its own food and energy because they are autotrophs.
Animals in the fauna do not have cell walls in their bodies.Plants in flora have cells that contain the cell wall.
In fauna, chloroplasts are absent. The mitochondria serve as their energy reserve.The majority of the chloroplasts found in plants are used for food synthesis or storage.
Examples of fauna include fish, insects, birds, reptiles, and otherFlora includes things like grass, trees, and flowering plants.


Plants and animal life fauna and flora are economically valuable due to their impact on tourism. In other words, they draw lots of visitors. Botany is the field that studies flora. In contrast, we research fauna in zoology. The difference between flora and fauna is that flora is used to describe all plants on the earth while fauna is the term which includes all the animals found on the earth.

Read more: What is the Difference Between Chlorophyll and Chloroplast?

Was this article helpful?